Part 1: calculate gradients There are two ways of getting gradients: Backward x=torch.tensor([3.0], requires_grad=True)
y = torch.pow(x, 2) # y=x**2
y.backward(retain_graph=True)
print(x.grad) 6 Grad x=torch.tensor([3.0], requires_grad=True)
y = torch.pow(x, 2)
grad_1 = torch.autograd.grad(y, x, create_graph=True)
print(grad_1[0].item()) Part 2: Note (1) gradient will not be cleared unless explicitly cleared